“Der stürmische Morgen ” is the 18th song in “Winterreise.” You can read the text on my website,
When I first read the text after I learned that the Combat of Haynau on May 25, 1813 was started by the ignition of a windmill, I thought it was “Und rote Feuer flammen ziehn zwischen ihnen hin” that links this poem to the combat. Therefore I was interested in visiting the regional museum in Chojnow (Haynau) in Lower Silesia again to learn more about the town. What I found was that in addition to the town model and the model showing the French troop practicing, there is a model showing the combat and a painting by a Prussian artist showing the combat.
The above painting in the public domain shows the Combat at Haynau. The copy I photographed was at the Regional Museum of Chojnow. Haynau (Chojnow in Polish) is a town where the French troop under Napoleon was, but in detail there were several brigades of the Napoleon troop. According to Michael Leggiere in “Napoleon and the Struggle for Germany” Volume 1: The War of Liberation, Spring 1813, the troops were scattered on both sides in the villages south of Haynau. The smoke shown on the painting was due to the torching of a windmill located in Baudmannsdorf (Budziwojow). My photograph of the sky and the tree shows the area left of where the windmill was located. Since the windmill in the area has been made of wood, it would ignite very well. I would expect that initially one would see red flames just as Müller’s poem says.
The first stanza emphasizes the clouds in the sky which the photo above I took near Baudmannsdorf shows. The area south of Haynau is the plain. The villages are small.
Michael V. Leggiere, “Napoleon and the Struggle for Germany : The Franco-Prussian War of 1813″ Vol. 1 The War of Liberatio, Spring 1813.” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2015 pp. 385 to 388.